Memory is an essential capacity for learning since it allows us to activate previous knowledge and fix new ones. Teaching memorization techniques to children will help them do better in school and do better on tests. The good news is, being a skill, the more you train, the more you’ll develop.
How to improve children’s memory?
Activate prior knowledge
Any new knowledge that overlaps with previous knowledge is easier to understand and assimilate. Therefore, if your child is stuck with some content, the most convenient thing is to activate the previous knowledge that gives him the necessary tools to understand that new information and then memorize it. The more key associations you make, the easier it will be for you to understand that new concept or idea. If you are trying to memorize some historical fact, for example, it is convenient to activate the previous related facts that you already know.
Give meaning to information
According to meaningful learning, everything that is relevant is easier to understand and memorize. This implies that, if your child wants to learn something, he needs to find a personal meaning in it, since the more he is interested in the subject, the more likely he will remember it. Therefore, try to find the practical part of what he is learning. Sometimes having the child watch a documentary or film on the subject can help make that information more relevant to him, or perhaps visit a museum or art gallery.
Use visual cues
Every child learns differently, but visual cues are often a great strategy to help them memorize. So encourage him to use graphic organizers or even draw what he needs to remember. Flashcards and multiplication cards can become excellent learning tools for your child to practice and memorize content easily and without frustration.
Let him teach
There is no more effective strategy for understanding and memorizing something than trying to explain it to someone else. When the child tries to explain something, he finds new relationships and discovers details that he had previously missed. In addition, each time you explain content, that information is reinforced in your memory.
Summarize the information
An excellent strategy for memorizing is to process the information in such a way as to eliminate insignificant details. However, it is mental work that must be done by the child alone. The key is that, when the information is summarized, it is anchored in memory. In fact, it is essential that the child summarizes the content in their own words as this implies a process of internal coding.
Create rhymes and songs
When learning is fun, it is more memorable. Humor, for example, is known to activate the brain’s dopaminergic reward system, which stimulates intrinsic motivation and catapults memory. That means fun learning improves memory. Creating rhymes and songs is a fun strategy, for example, to memorize the alphabet , multiplication tables or even the periodic table of chemical elements. This is also because our brains find it easier to remember repeating patterns.
Make mind maps
Mind mapping is an ancient learning technique that is not only effective in elementary school but even in college, making it a great gift you can give your child for their life as a student . A mind map is a diagram used to represent words, ideas, or other concepts that are related to one another. Those concepts are organized around a keyword or central idea. So encourage him to design his own mind maps.a